记录 Acoustic 吉他s in 您r 首页 Studio? Read This

The 声学的 guitar is an expressive instrument. Trying to capture the subtle nuances of the plucking 要么 strumming of the guitar can be very challenging, especially if you are trying to record from your untreated home studio 要么 bedroom studio.

你有很多障碍 ’ll stumble upon preventing you from recording your next killer track when it comes to 声学的 guitar recording. Such as; whether the room is right, 要么 how much echo the room has, the types of microphones you should use and whether you should record in stereo 要么 mono?

Not everyone has the privilege to record in a fancy studio with good 声学的s topped with expensive microphones. Most of us record in a makeshift bedroom, attic 要么 garage recording studios.

但在这里’s the fact. 您 CAN record great-sounding guitars from home.

在这篇文章中,我将向您展示您的需要和不’t need to record great sounding 声学的 guitars in your home studio 要么 makeshift bedroom studio.

如何录制原声吉他

Three things to keep in mind when recording an 声学的 guitar.

  1. 您的房间有严重的回声问题吗?
  2. 您如何放置55直播来录制吉他?
  3. Does your 声学的 guitar come with a pickup?

The room you record in probably plays the biggest factor when it comes to recording 声学的 instruments, let alone the guitar. If you record guitars in a heavily echoed room, you’最后录制房间混响。

以后添加效果会很痛苦,因为您会从录制中失去清晰度。由于自然的室内混响,您的吉他可能会丢失瞬变攻击。它’将录制的吉他与混音中的其他音轨混音也将更加困难,因为它们都具有不同的混响特性。

如果你不这样做’除了在回声室录音,您别无选择,您可以尝试使用瞬态成形器插件,例如 本机乐器’s Transient Master 要么 TS-1瞬态成型机 以便稍后更改录制的声音。这将是一个快速修复,并且如果将吉他音轨混合为伴奏音轨也可以使用。但是,如果要将吉他用作主要音轨,请避免使用瞬态整形器进行此快速修复。

Most music producers record 声学的 guitars in a soundproofed room so that can first have a dry sampled sound. Then they’ll继续添加自己的大厅,房间和大空间的混响仿真,以使吉他音轨适合混音。

唐’有一个很棒的发声室?这里有一些技巧可以解决该问题。

1.使用任何家具 您 Have At 您r Disposal

As a creative individual yourself, think about ways you can hack the recording process. 您 don’这些天,需要昂贵的隔音设置才能获得不错的广播结果。您所需要的只是一点点创意和足智多谋,以使用您周围的事物。

A simple hack to record dry sounds of the 声学的 guitar is to use your cupboard 要么 closet. The clothes in your cupboard will help absorb and dampen sound.

了解到大多数录音室电容式55直播都采用心形模式录制,只是面向橱柜外坐着,55直播指向橱柜。就这样,你’ll have a quick ‘sound-booth’ and you’会发现您录制的声音会变得更加驯服,回声更少。

我的另一个很棒的技巧’家庭工作室使用的方法是使用毯子和几个55直播支架。排列三个55直播支架,形成录音棚的外部骨架。然后将毯子覆盖在上面,以形成临时的录音棚。

portable-sound-booth

并不是最漂亮的东西,但是它可以工作。

坐在或站在机箱内,然后将55直播指向临时录音棚。当您弹拨或弹奏吉他时,毯子会吸收声音,使您的声音更加干燥。

只要确保得到一些 重型55直播架 所以他们不’当您最不期望的时候,它会落在您身上。

2.投资体面的隔音材料

Acoustic panels 要么 声学的 foams are key to many studios in the entire world. It helps with killing the room reverb by diffracting and absorbing sound waves that bounce off the walls. Placing a few of these sound absorbing panels around your room can make a huge difference to your sound.

A few quick pointers when buying and placing 声学的 panels.

扩散与吸收

跟着我重复一遍:扩散不是吸收。

Putting up too many 声学的 panels in your studio can make the room sound ‘dead’. 您r sound becomes uninteresting and your guitar recording will sound ‘dead’. That’当您移除房间中发生的所有自然声音反射时。

大多数项目录音棚的建造都具有一定的声音反射效果,但是为了使它们在房间内分散,它们使用了扩散器。这也是你为什么’我们会注意到大型录音棚通常没有平行的墙壁或天花板。为此,通常将隔音板放在平行的墙壁上。

在您和您的工作室中结合适当的吸收板和扩散板放置’我会惊讶地发现,这多少会改变您房间的声音。

要找到放置隔音板的最佳位置,请在您的房间中走动,同时在录音室的监视器上播放曲目。仔细聆听声音相位,回声和‘standing waves’在房间里,在那里放置一个吸音板。寻找平行的墙壁并放置扩散板,以打破室内的平行声音反弹。

This is merely a basic fundamental of sound 声学的s, but having this is mind when setting up your studio will help you record world-class sounding recordings. If you like going deeper into the subject of sound 声学的s, I recommend you to read 声学大师手册 由F. Alton Everest撰写。

三种类型的声学处理板

您’ll need a proper combination of three 声学的 treatment panels for your room to sound great. Avoid the newbie mistake by just buying a single type of sound panel, so let me explain the difference here.

1 – Acoustic Panels

These are your basic panels to help with studio 声学的s. They are thin, usually about 2″ 要么 4″厚度大,可以散布在较大的墙壁上。

But while many new studio owners pack their studio filled with these panels, they are not effective at absorbing low frequencies. Bass frequencies have higher momentum and need thicker 声学的 panels to be absorbed.

Here are some value for money 声学的 panels:

2 – Bass Traps

They look near the same as standard 声学的 panels, but they’再厚一点,旨在吸收演播室中的低频。

您’我可能会听到将低音陷阱放在房间角落的建议。那’之所以这么说是因为低频通常会在您房间的各个角落更加强烈地累积。

但是,请记住,您实际上并没有捕获低频,尽管它被称为低音陷阱*。您只是通过部分利用低音陷波器吸收低频来控制房间中的声音反射。低频波太长,无法被商用低音陷阱完全捕获。

低音陷阱的一些建议:

3 – Diffusers

实际上,没有多少工作室在他们的房间里使用扩散器。扩散器在小房间中不太有效,可能会赢得’t’ benefit too much.

I’d仅在您在工作室中正确设置吸收板之后,才建议您研究扩散器。在这种情况下,您发现房间里的声音也变得太‘dead’或毫无启发性,请考虑增加扩散器面板以增强声音。

Some bigger studios even have 声学的 panels that can be flipped over to switch between an absorption 要么 diffuser panel. That would not be necessary in your case though. If you think diffusers will help with your sound, here are some diffusor panels I recommend.

3. Use 您r Acoustic 吉他 Pickup (If 您 Have One)

It might not be the best option to catch the best 声学的 nuances of the guitar, but if you are on a tight budget, recording using the pickup on your 声学的 guitar is the best option. In fact, you’得知许多歌手和作曲家都以这种方式录制专辑,我会感到惊讶。

用这种方式录制吉他没有错。尽管有很多 死硬死硬的顽固的 音乐制作人想告诉您要忠于艺术&录音的本质是,事实上,如果录音或专辑听起来不错,’s the goal achieved.

但是,取决于吉他的拾音器–他们听起来会有所不同。

根据您所用拾音器的质量,某些声音听起来会更细或更洪亮,有些听起来更自然。

您 can actually switch out for new better pickups for your 声学的 guitar, but it usually isn’太值得升级了。因此,如果您的拾音器低于平均水平,那么值得庆幸的是有许多插件& softwares we have today in the DAW market, there is still hope to help fix the sound when mixing your 声学的 guitar track.

技巧,例如增加混响和sc取声音的中点,可以发出更具音乐性的声音。玩一些设置并不要’不要害怕尝试。实际上,如果您认真听讲,’我们会发现,尽管其中一些最好的原声歌曲进入了排行榜,但它们的吉他录音却没有那么出色。但是他们都是从某个地方开始的。

但是公平地说,您用来录制的吉他的质量和类型也很重要。阅读音乐家简介’s 声学的 guitar review post to find out the differences between some of the top 声学的 guitars 录音。

4. Fix 您r Microphone Placement

55直播的位置会影响您的声音类型’ll be recording. Many newbie record producers often skip the importance of microphone placement when recording 声学的 guitars.

简短答案– If the microphone is too near to the soundhole of the 声学的 guitar, you will get a very bassy and boomy sound. Place the microphone far from the source and you will get a more roomy sound, which can be beneficial if the room sounds good and has a sound character that you’re after.

大多数录音工程师在吉他上给出的黄金建议? 

Place your microphone at the 12th fret of your 声学的 guitar. Face it towards the soundhole about 6inches. 您 will have the best of both worlds, bass, and clarity.

我再次’d建议在录制吉他方面没有一个严格的规定。对于某些类型的曲目,您可能想要低音类型的声音。也许你’d想记录手指敲击弦的声音。归根结底,这取决于您的声音偏好。

因此,找到您的声音并将55直播放置视为一门艺术。

如果您需要一些指针,请在这里’s a great video by 诺伊曼话筒 在吉他的位置。

请注意,在视频中,吉他是用Neumann55直播在现场录音室录制的。 Neumann55直播是很棒的发声55直播,所以它’很难获得与视频中听到的声音相同的声音。

虽然一切都没有丢失。正确放置55直播后,即使 预算55直播.

大型VS小振膜电容话筒

The next important thing to recording great sounding 声学的 guitars is the microphone you use. The problem is that there are so many microphones in the market. Which one do you choose?

许多录音棚中用于录制吉他的最常见的55直播是大振膜电容式55直播,有时甚至是小型振膜电容式55直播。

The sound characteristics between the two are quite different. 让 me explain.

1.大型膜片电容话筒

These microphones are popular for recording vocals, ensembles, drum overheads and many other things including the 声学的 guitar. In fact, the large condenser microphone is a good choice for beginners, who is learning recording techniques.

简而言之,要区分大型和小型电容的声音,是大型电容55直播的声音比小型电容要大。

It picks up a wider frequency range, so you get more of the bass response of the 声学的 guitar. It also captures more room sound because of the way the large diaphragm is built.

Condenser microphones are pretty much used in nearly all types of recording situations. So if you are starting out to record 声学的 guitars, a large condenser microphone would be a great choice.

另外,大多数廉价大振膜55直播的声音实际上都相当不错,使您更轻松地抓住一个。另一方面,听起来不错的小型电容式55直播通常标价较高。

原声吉他的大型电容录音技术

第十二种烦恼技巧

There are a few ways to mic up your 声学的 guitar with a large diaphragm condenser microphone.

最受欢迎的方法之一是 第十二品乐法。

将55直播放在第12品格上,以使其面对音孔的角度面对。

尝试放置并仔细听声音。当您找到最佳位置时,请务必将其标记下来。

一些大型的大型隔膜冷凝器要考虑:

2.小​​型膜片电容55直播

小型振膜55直播虽然在许多录音应用中广为人知,但与大型振膜电容式55直播相比并没有那么多样化。这是因为55直播中的小胶囊只能拾取一定数量的录制对象的频率。换句话说,它记录了较窄的频率响应。

但是,它们在录制时很受欢迎‘acoustic’  instruments such as guitars and other string instruments because the small condenser microphone records with more clarity and crispness compared to a large diaphragm condenser microphone. In simple words, your 声学的 instruments will sound more realistic, without the added bass response.

根据55直播的价格范围,低端小型电容器通常在顶端听起来非常刺耳。一世’d建议您至少看看价格适中的中档小型冷凝器 SE电子SE5。它记录的声音非常清晰,自然,透明。

在以下视频中收听用SE Electronics SE5录制的四弦琴:

不过,如果您有预算,可以考虑购买高端小型冷凝器,例如 诺伊曼KM 184.

通常,小型电容器成对出售,使您可以立体声录制。立体声录音同时可以是好事,也可以是坏事。我们’稍后将了解立体声录音的利弊。

底线,如果你’re planning on recording 声学的 instruments; be it an 声学的 guitar, violin 要么 an 声学的 piano, small condensers will be a great choice if you are aiming for that natural sound.

录制人声时,小型电容器无法使用,因为它无法拾取一个人的总频率范围’的声音。在这种情况下,将使声音录制的声音更细,更亮。

民谣吉他的小型冷凝器录音技术

X-Y技术

 

There are many ways to mic up an 声学的 guitar with a stereo pair. One of the most popular techniques is called the X-Y.

X-Y技术使用两个相同类型的心形55直播,它们放置得尽可能近或相距12英寸以内,并且彼此面对的角度范围为90至135度–取决于声源的大小和所需的特定声音。

当使用大型振膜电容55直播时,也可以实现此技术。虽然你’使用大振膜时,低音响应会减弱。

Take a look at the diagram below for more mic placements when recording 声学的 guitars with a stereo pair.

一些小型的小型隔膜冷凝器选择:

  • 罗德M5配对 –$ 325.00(Rode的55直播听起来很棒。M5是一个不错的开始,虽然那里不是最甜美的小型冷凝器。’re on a budget.)
  • sE Electronics sE5P立体声对–$ 499.00(非常透明和自然的声音对。我发现它们缺少一些低端,但是’小隔膜的作用。)
  • 音频铁三角AT4041 Studio Pack –$ 795.00(精美的立体声对,低端音质流畅)。

以下是一些声音样本,用于区分大型和小型振膜电容式55直播:

带状55直播和动圈55直播

Other than small and large condenser microphones, you can also consider using ribbon 要么 dynamic microphones to record 声学的 guitars and getting very different sound characteristics. 让’首先讨论动态55直播。

1.动态55直播

动态55直播以现场使用最为人所知,主要是人声。造成这种情况的最大可能原因之一是动态55直播没有’由于其心型指向性,因此与电容55直播相比,t灵敏度高。

极性模式是55直播拾取的声音。这意味着您不大可能在舞台上使用动态55直播监视反馈。

动态55直播极性模式的示意图。

舒尔SM57是您可能听说过的最受欢迎的动圈乐器55直播之一。

与电容式55直播可以拾取很多声音的方式不同,动态55直播只能在其胶囊的中间直接拾取声音。那’这就是为什么您总是看到歌手的55直播紧贴嘴唇。

Dynamic microphones can be used to record 声学的 guitars too but you won’由于其极性模式,不会获得太多的自然声音。您’根据55直播指向的位置,将获得非常集中的声音。与电容器相比,它还记录了更窄的频率范围。

但是,在许多音乐记录中,诸如 舒尔SM57 has been used to record 声学的 guitars, electric guitars, drums and many other instruments.

2.带状55直播

丝带55直播关闭。

与动态或电容式55直播不同,带状55直播属于不同的组。带状55直播就像一个大电容,但是却具有非常平坦的自然声音,并且非常灵敏。

鉴于其极其自然和柔滑的声音特性,一些录音工程师发誓要使用带状55直播来录制原声吉他或人声,但前提是不要将其放置在离声源太近的位置。带状55直播很容易因高声压级而损坏,因此从不建议将它们用于声压级较高的乐器,例如鼓。

然而,带状55直播属于55直播市场的昂贵方面。它不会’t be necessary to use them to record 声学的 guitars, but if you have the means to get one, it could offer you a different sound characteristic.

以下是一些不错的带状55直播的建议: 

  • Avantone Pro CR-14 –259.00美元(让我先警告您。AvantoneCR-14的声音可能会让某些人喜欢,但对其他人则不是。)
  • sE电子伏都教VR1 –499.00美元(有趣的55直播声音特征。仅将此添加到您的55直播收藏中,而不是您第一次购买55直播。)
  • 罗德NTR– $999.00 (An amazing ribbon microphone that records the sweetest parts of the 声学的 guitar, piano 要么 vocals. 您’会听到你的声音’您以前的录音中从未听过。)

立体声VS单声道

所以像我’ve promised to touch on earlier, should you record in stereo 要么 in mono? I will be completely honest with you and say that it is completely subjective. Both has its own pros and cons. 让’s jump into it.

1.立体声录制吉他

以立体声录制吉他时,要记住的最重要的事情是相位抵消。相位抵消是指音频信号碰撞到另一个信号时,从而抵消了信号而导致没有声音。

您’ll be able to easily hear phasing problems in your recordings if you ever did stereo recordings. If you ever recorded in stereo and found that your recording sounded silvery, washed out, weird 要么 quiet at some parts, congratulations. 您’重新成为一个阶段问题的骄傲的所有者。 

为了避免此问题,始终最好有一个匹配的55直播对。这样可以减少您在录音中出现相位抵消问题的机会。

除此之外,立体声录制实际上是制作人’s wet dream, given that you can balance the audio signals. 记录 in stereo is great especially for intimate 声学的 guitar recordings as you actually record the way a listener would listen to a real guitar, 两只耳朵!

However when it comes to mixing stereo recorded guitars in a big mix, where a lot of things going on, it may start sound messy and the 声学的 guitar track will have a high possible change to be drowned out in the mix, depending on your song arrangement.

如果您希望自己将大量的大型混音与许多乐器音轨混合在一起,那么以单声道录制吉他可能是一个更好的选择。

2.在单声道中录制吉他

许多人认为单声道乏味,简直太可怕了。但是实际上,通过使55直播与吉他保持正确的角度,您实际上可以获得非常好的声音。

单声道信号可以做很多事情,尤其是在混乱的混音中。

让’例如,您有左右左右摇摆的电吉他,立体声钢琴,鼓,也许还有一些合成器,您可以’t get the sound right with stereo 声学的 guitars. Try recording in mono.

By recording in mono, you place the sound of your 声学的 guitar in the center and this gives room for other instruments to roam about in the stereo mix, making the 声学的 guitar stand out from the rest.

Again, choosing between recording stereo 要么 mono comes down to your mix preference. There is an 声学的 guitar mixing technique where a mono recorded guitar track is duplicated and panned from each other with a little of delay effect applied. See the video below for this technique:

Where Do 您 Go From Here?

希望您从这篇冗长的文章中学到了一些东西。

记录 声学的 guitars should be fun, so have fun experimenting with different types of guitar recordings and be open to trying new ideas. Remember, there is no hard and fast rule to recording 声学的 guitars. But I’d想给您提供一些录制吉他的其他技巧。

  1. 记住在录制之前先改变吉他弦. –每个吉他手都知道这一点。吉他上的弦会在一段时间后失去亮度和音质,因此请确保在录制之前通过更改弦来获得最佳吉他音色。
  2. 设置低切滤波器 在您的55直播上。 –如果您的55直播带有低切滤波器,请尝试使用它来切断较低的隆隆声(70Hz及以下)’不需要吉他录音。
  3. 总而言之。正确选择吉他– 与礼堂吉他相比,无畏吉他会发出不同的声音。选择一个完美的选择,将在很大程度上取决于您的音乐风格。首先,您可以看一些 好的初学者吉他 for recording.

But overall, what recording methods 要么 techniques have worked for you when trying to achieve a great sounding 声学的 guitar? 让 us know in the comment section below!

 

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